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A cycloalkane is an alkane that has one or more rings of carbon atoms in its chemical structure.

PropertiesEdit

The physical properties of cycloalkanes are generally similar to other alkanes. However, due to ring shape there is a larger area of contact between individual molecules giving them stronger [induced dipole-dipole] forces than straight-chain alkanes. As a result, cycloalkanes have slightly higher boiling points, melting points and densities than their straight-chain equivalents. Because they only contain carbon-carbon and carbon-hydrogen bonds, they fairly unreactive.

ExamplesEdit

CyclopropaneEdit

Cyclopropane skeletal

Cyclopropane.

3 carbon cycloalkane.

CyclobutaneEdit

4 carbon cycloalkane.

CyclopentaneEdit

Cyclopentane skeletal

Cyclopentane.

5 carbon cycloalkane.

CyclohexaneEdit

Cyclohexane skeletal

Cyclohexane.

6 carbon cycloalkane.

CycloheptaneEdit

7 carbon cycloalkane.

CyclooctaneEdit

8 carbon cycloalkane.